Dysuria and Hematuria: Things You Should Know

Monitoring and tracking irregularities in the urine, such as dysuria and hematuria, is important when it comes to bladder and urinary tract health. It is vital to seek medical attention immediately if you experience either of these two conditions because they may indicate mild to severe health problems. So, what does this mean? What is dysuria and hematuria?

Read on to learn what dysuria and hematuria are, what causes them, and what you can do to prevent them.

What Does It Mean?

In the context of dysuria and hematuria, the common factor is the Latin root, uria. The term refers to urine or to a condition relating to urine. In light of this, let us explore each term in more detail. 

Related: 3 Reasons You May Be Getting Frequent UTIs


Dysuria is characterized by discomfort, pain, itching, or burning when urinating. Most commonly, this pain occurs in the urethra or in the area surrounding the genitals. It is more common in women than in men and is often equated to a urinary tract infection by medical professionals. 


Hematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine. There is a possibility that this can be seen with the naked eye or it can be visible under a microscope only by a health professional. Gross (visible) hematuria can range in color from pink to brownish-red to tea in hue. In general, the darker the urine, the greater the presence of blood. Microscopic hematuria will not exhibit any noticeable differences.

Dysuria and Hematuria Causes

There are a number of factors that can impact your urinary tract and cause dysuria and hematuria, however, there are four major causes to consider when examining blood in the urine. An example of this would be a typical urinary tract infection. This is the most common cause of hematuria. Because women’s urethras are five times shorter than men’s, they are more likely to suffer from UTIs. 

Related: Debunking the Top 5 Myths About Male UTIs

Blood may also be present in urine as a result of urinary tract tumors. As this is more than likely a sign of bladder cancer, specialists would need to narrow down the options for a proper medical examination and analysis. In addition to cancer, prostatitis may cause hematuria in men, which is an inflammation or infection of the prostate. Additionally, kidney stones are one of the most common causes of hematuria. One in ten people experience kidney stones, which can cause both macroscopic and microscopic hematuria.

In terms of dysuria, there are a number of possible causes. The following are some of the causes of dysuria in women: 

  • Vaginitis
  • Vaginal yeast infections
  • Reaction to soaps and personal care items

Sexually transmitted diseases, narrowing of the urethral structure, kidney infections, and cystisis can cause painful urination in both men and women. A professional should be consulted if you experience dysuria since there are a variety of causes for this condition.

When to See a Doctor

As soon as you experience any symptoms of the urinary tract, you should consult a physician. A patient with dysuria may require medical attention as soon as possible because of the discomfort, however a patient with hematuria may not notice the microscopic bleeding. The presence of blood cells in your urine should be investigated to determine if there are any possible serious underlying conditions.

Related: 8 Reasons for Men to See a Urologist

Monitor Your Urinary Health at USOC

When it comes to your urinary health it’s important to monitor any new or elongated periods where you’re experiencing urinary symptoms whether that’s dysuria and hematuria, or the typical UTI. Our highly trained specialists offer a wide range of treatment options for ailments ranging from infections to bladder and prostate cancers. To schedule your appointment, click the button below. Our team is eager to assist you!

Request An Appointment